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2.1.1 Fixtures and Chattels – Introduction

Welcome to the second lesson of the second topic in this module guide – Chattels and Fixtures! Deciding whether an object is a fixture or a chattel is important to discover whether the item is considered as part of the land, and as such will pass with it.

At the end of this section, you should be comfortable applying the common law principles and tests to objects in order to establish what on land constitutes a fixture or a chattel. This section begins by defining a chattel and fixture in more detail, before introducing the two-stage gravity test in Hellawell v Eastwood. Miscellaneous details and academic commentary is covered here, before the first stage of ‘physical annexation’ is discussed in detail. The section then breaks down the second part of the test; ‘Purpose’, with more academic commentary and miscellaneous scenarios discussed.

Goals for this section:

  • To be able to decide whether an object is a chattel or a fixture.

Objectives for this section:

  • To be able to cite and apply the two stage test with regard to chattels and fixtures.
  • To appreciate how physical annexation is described and defined in the case law.
  • To understand how intention can affect an object’s status as fixed or personal property. 

Start the Lecture

We have three lengths of lecture to suit varying study needs. Select one of the options below to get started (if you have already chosen a study level you will see the option highlighted in violet):

Summary Notes Standard Lecture Detailed Lecture

Problem Questions

Each lecture is also accompanied by hands on examples of problem questions for the subject. You can jump directly to the questions below:

Hands on Examples


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