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The founding father, the framers of the constitution, wanted to form a government that did not allow one person to have too much authority or control. While under the rule of the British king they learned that this could be Abad system .yet government under the article of confederation thought them that there was a need for a strong centralized government with this in mind the framers wrote the constitution to provide for a separation of powers ,or three branches of government .Each has its own responsibilities and at the same time they work together to make the country run smooth and to assure that the rights of citizens are not ignored .this is done through checks and balance. The three branches of the United States government are legislative, executive, and judicial.
The legislative branch consists of the Congress. Congress main function is to make laws .It Also over sees the execution of these laws ,and cheeks various executive and judicial powers .The congress is composed of two houses .one House is the House of representative ,and the other is the Senate. The House of Representative or house in short way, is currently composed of four hundred and thirty five members .Each of the fifty States is allocated one or more representative based on its population as calculated by the decennial (one in ten years) .Each state is guaranteed at least one representative .A state that is allocated more than one representative divides itself, as state procedure dictate, in to a number of district equal to the number of representative to which it is entitled. Every house member faces reelection in an even numbered year and is elected to a two year term. The house is presided over by a speaker, who is directly elected by the members of the House. Also the senate is the upper House of the United States legislative branch, possessing only one hundred members to the Houses four hundred thirty five. Each state chooses two senators, regardless of the population. In contrast to the houses two year terms, senators are elected to a six year terms .in addition only one third of the senate stands for election during an even year. The Senate and the House are both required to approve legislation before it becomes a law. The two houses are equal in legislative power, but revenue bills (bills related to taxations) may only originate in the house .Additionally, the Senate holds powers relating to threats and the appointments of executive and judicial officials. This power is known as “advice and consent”.
The Executive Branch consists of the president, vice president and others executive officials. The main function of this branch is to pertaining the laws created by congress. The president and the vise president are chosen by the United States citizens, eighteen years of age and older who vote in the presidential elections in there states. And the president serves as the head of the executive branch of the government .He also approved and carries out laws passed by the legislative branch .he appoints or removes cabinet members and official. He acts as head of states and commander in chief of the armed forces. The executive branch also includes the vice president and other officials , such as members of the cabinet .the cabinet is made up of the heads of the fifteen major departments of the government .the cabinet gives advice to the president about important matters . Also this branch is very large so, the president gets help from the vise president. The president appoints several secretaries to head executive departments. In addition he enforces the laws that the legislative branch (congress) makes. An executive department is a body covering a broad topic of law examples includes the Department of agriculture and the Department of justice. The several secretaries (in case of the justice department ,the attorney general) serve as advisors to the president and also as a chief officer of their own department’s .This group of advisors is collectively known as the president’s cabinet .the president nominates these secretaries, as well as other important federal officials, and the senate advice to them.
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The Judicial Branch consists of the Supreme Court and the lower courts .the judicial branch oversees the court systems of the United States through court cases. The judicial branch explains the meaning of the constitution and laws passed by congress. The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch. Unlike a criminal court, the Supreme Court rules whether something is constitutional or unconstitutional, whether or not is permitted under the constitution. On the Supreme Court there are nine justices or judge’s .Eight associates justice and one chief justice. The judges are nominated by the president and approved by the senate. They have no term limits .the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land .its decisions are final, and no other court can overrule those decisions. The judiciary must interpret the laws of the United States. In the course of such interpretation, the courts may find that a law violates the constitution .if so, the court declares the law unconstitutional .Thus, and the judiciary also has a role in determining the law of the land. The number of judges and the exact structure of the courts are set by law, and not by the constitution. Also the judicial branch has a special judge who interprets laws according to the constitution .these justice only hear cases that pertain to the issue related to the constitution.
Totally each branch is theoretically equal to each of the others and they check each other’s powers and use a system known as checks and balances. Thus no branch gains too much power and influence. The system of checks and balance keeps one branch from moving forward with the law making process. For example the legislative branch of the government can make bills, but the executive branch may veto them. The executive branch may veto the bills, but the legislative branch may override the veto. So this shows that the battle for un agreement is a perfect example of how all three branches of government work together in America government. And also there is a similarity and differences between the three branches of the government. All have specific tasks in the law making process. On the contrary the legislative branch makes the law of the United States, the executive branch enforces the laws of the country, and the judicial branch interprets the laws and amendments of the constitutions.
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